3Blue1Brown

3Blue1Brown
  • 12 minutes
  • 54 episodes
  • Mathematics

3Blue1Brown, by Grant Sanderson, is some combination of math and entertainment, depending on your disposition. The goal is for explanations to be driven by animations and for difficult problems to be made simple with changes in perspective.

FAQ: https://www.3blue1brown.com/about

Q&A #2 + Net Neutrality Nuance

Q&A Questions: http://3b1b.co/questions Full net neutrality video: https://youtu.be/hKD-lBrZ_Gg Ben Eater's channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/eaterbc First Q&A Answers: https://youtu.be/8r5WKpK9-m8 CGPGrey's (excellent) video on Net Neutrality: https://youtu.be/wtt2aSV8wdw ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

1 day ago

Some light quantum mechanics (with MinutePhysics)

Complementary video on MinutePhysics: https://youtu.be/zcqZHYo7ONs Learn more through active problem-solving at Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/3b1b Special thanks to these patrons: http://3b1b.co/light-quantum-thanks Huge thanks to my friend Evan Miyazono, both for encouraging me to do this project, and for helping me understand many things along the way. This is a simple primer for how the math of quantum mechanics, specifically in the context of polarized light, relates to the math of classical waves, specifically classical electromagnetic waves. I will say, if you *do* want to go off and learn the math of quantum mechanics, you just can never have too much linear algebra, so check out the series I did at http://3b1b.co/essence-of-linear-algebra Mistakes: As several astute commenters have pointed out, the force arrow is pointing the wrong way at 2:18. Thanks for the catch! *Note on conventions: Throughout this video, I use a single-headed right arrow to represent the horizontal direction. The standard in quantum mechanics is actually to use double-headed arrows for describing polarization states, while single-headed arrows are typically reserved for the context of spin. What's the difference? Well, using a double-headed arrow to represent the horizontal direction emphasizes that in a quantum mechanical context, there's no distinction between left and right. They each have the same measurable state: horizontal (e.g. they pass through horizontally oriented filters). Once you're in QM, these kets are typically vectors in a more abstract space where vectors are not necessarily spatial directions but instead represent any kind of state. Because of how I chose to motivate things with classical waves, where it makes sense for this arrow to represent a unit vector in the right direction, rather than the more abstract idea of a horizontal state vector, I chose to stick with the single-headed notation throughout, though this runs slightly against convention. Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://soundcloud.com/vincerubinetti/one-two-zeta ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

3 months ago

Thinking visually about higher dimensions

How do you think about a sphere in four dimensions? What about ten dimensions? Problem driven learning on at https://brilliant.org/3b1b Podcast! https://www.benbenandblue.com/ Special thanks to these patrons: http://3b1b.co/high-d-thanks Check out Ben Eater's channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/eaterbc Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://soundcloud.com/vincerubinetti/heartbeat ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

4 months ago

Hilbert's Curve: Is infinite math useful?

Space filling curves, turning visual information into audio information, and the connection between infinite and finite math (this is a reupload of an older video which had much worse audio). Supplement with more space-filling curve fun: https://youtu.be/RU0wScIj36o For more information on sight-via sound, this paper involving rewiring a ferret's retinas to its auditory cortex is particularly thought-provoking: http://phy.ucsf.edu/~houde/coleman/sur2.pdf Alternatively, here the NYT summary: https://goo.gl/qNuc14 Also, check out this excellent podcast on Human echolocation: https://goo.gl/23f4Yh For anyone curious to read more about the connections between infinite and finite math, consider this Terry Tao blog post: https://goo.gl/NZ4yrW Lion photo by Kevin Pluck Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://soundcloud.com/vincerubinetti/heartbeat ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brownm/r/3Blue1Brown

4 months ago

How secure is 256 bit security?

Supplement to the cryptocurrency video: How hard is it to find a 256-bit digital signature or hash just by guessing and checking? What kind of computer would that take? Cryptocurrency video: https://youtu.be/bBC-nXj3Ng4 Thread for Q&A questions: http://3b1b.co/questions Follow on twitter to hear when/how I put out answers: https://twitter.com/3blue1brown ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

5 months ago

Ever wonder how Bitcoin (and other cryptocurrencies) actually work?

The Bitcoin protocol and blockchains explained from the viewpoint of stumbling into inventing your own cryptocurrency. Protocol Labs: https://protocol.ai/ Interested in contributing? https://protocol.ai/join/ Special thanks to the following patrons: http://3b1b.co/btc-thanks Some people have asked if this channel accepts contributions in cryptocurrency form as an alternative to Patreon. As you might guess, the answer is yes :). Here are the relevant addresses: ETH: 0x88Fd7a2e9e0E616a5610B8BE5d5090DC6Bd55c25 BTC: 1DV4dhXEVhGELmDnRppADyMcyZgGHnCNJ LTC: LNPY2HEWv8igGckwKrYPbh9yD28XH3sm32 Supplement video: https://youtu.be/S9JGmA5_unY Music by Vincent Rubinetti: https://soundcloud.com/vincerubinetti/heartbeat Here are a few other resources I'd recommend: Original Bitcoin paper: https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf Block explorer: https://blockexplorer.com/ Blog post by Michael Nielsen: https://goo.gl/BW1RV3 (This is particularly good for understanding the details of what transactions look like, which is something this video did not cover) Video by CuriousInventor: https://youtu.be/Lx9zgZCMqXE Video by Anders Brownworth: https://youtu.be/_160oMzblY8 Ethereum white paper: https://goo.gl/XXZddT ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted on new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

5 months ago

All possible pythagorean triples, visualized

Can we describe all right triangles with whole number side lengths using a nice pattern? Check out Remix careers: https://www.remix.com/jobs Regarding the brief reference to Fermat's Last Theorem, what should be emphasized is that it refers to *positive* integers. You can of course have things like 0^3 + 2^3 = 2^3, or (-3)^3 + 3^3 = 0^3. Special thanks to the following patrons: http://3b1b.co/triples-thanks Music by Vincent Rubinett : https://soundcloud.com/vincerubinetti/heartbeat ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

6 months ago

Pi hiding in prime regularities

A story of pi, prime numbers, and complex numbers, and how number theory braids them together. Check out Remix careers: https://www.remix.com/jobs The fact that only primes that are one above a multiple of four can be expressed as the sum of two squares is known as "Fermat's theorem on sums of two squares": https://goo.gl/EdhaN2 Special thanks to the following patrons: http://3b1b.co/leibniz-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

6 months ago

Taylor series | Chapter 10, Essence of calculus

Taylor polynomials are an incredibly powerful for approximations, and Taylor series can give new ways to express functions. Early access to future series: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus Special thanks to the following patrons: http://3b1b.co/eoc10-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

7 months ago

Higher order derivatives | Footnote, Essence of calculus

A very quick primer on the second derivative, third derivative, etc. Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

7 months ago

What does area have to do with slope? | Chapter 9, Essence of calculus

Integrals are used to find the average of a continuous variable, and this can offer a perspective on why integrals and derivatives are inverses, distinct from the one shown in the last video. Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus Support for these videos comes primarily from Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Special thanks to the following supporters: http://3b1b.co/eoc9-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

7 months ago

Integration and the fundamental theorem of calculus | Chapter 8, Essence of calculus

What is an integral? How do you think about it? Check out the Art of Problem Solving: https://aops.com/3blue1brown Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus Support for these videos comes primarily from Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Special thanks to the following patrons: http://3b1b.co/eoc8-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

7 months ago

Limits | Chapter 7, Essence of calculus

Formal derivatives, the epsilon-delta definition, and why L'Hôpital's rule works. 3Blue1Brown store: http://3b1b.co/store Let me know what you'd like to see in there. Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus Support for these videos comes primarily from Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Special thanks to the following patrons: http://3b1b.co/eoc7-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

7 months ago

Implicit differentiation, what's going on here? | Chapter 6, Essence of calculus

Implicit differentiation can feel weird, but what's going on makes much more sense once you view each side of the equation as a two-variable function, f(x, y). Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus Support for these videos comes primarily from Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Special thanks to the following Patrons: http://3b1b.co/eoc6-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

7 months ago

Derivatives of exponentials | Chapter 5, Essence of calculus

What is e? And why are exponentials proportional to their own derivatives? Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus Support for these videos comes primarily from Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Special thanks to the following patrons: http://3b1b.co/eoc5-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

7 months ago

Visualizing the chain rule and product rule | Chapter 4, Essence of calculus

A visual explanation of what the chain rule and product rule are, and why they are true. Check out Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/3b1b Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus Support for these videos comes primarily from Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Special thanks to the following Patrons: http://3b1b.co/eoc4-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

7 months ago

Derivative formulas through geometry | Chapter 3, Essence of calculus

A few derivative formulas, such as the power rule and the derivative of sine, demonstrated with geometric intuition. Check out Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/3b1b Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus Support for these videos comes primarily from Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Special thanks to the following Patrons: http://3b1b.co/eoc3-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

7 months ago

The paradox of the derivative | Chapter 2, Essence of calculus

Derivatives center on the idea of change in an instant, but change happens across time while an instant consists of just one moment. How does that work? Check out the Art of Problem Solving: https://aops.com/3blue1brown Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus Support for these videos comes primarily from Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Special thanks to the following supporters: http://3b1b.co/eoc2-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

7 months ago

Essence of calculus, chapter 1

I want you to feel that you could have invented calculus for yourself, and in this first video of the series, we see how unraveling the nuances of a simple geometry question can lead to integrals, derivatives, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. Full playlist: http://3b1b.co/calculus Support for these videos comes primarily from Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Special thanks to the following supporters: http://3b1b.co/eoc1-thanks ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

7 months ago

Euler's formula with introductory group theory

How e to the pi i can be made more intuitive with some perspectives from group theory, and why exactly e^(pi i) = -1. Apply to work at Emerald Cloud Lab: - Application software engineer: http://3b1b.co/ecl-app-se - Infrastructure engineer: http://3b1b.co/ecl-infra-se - Lab focused engineer: http://3b1b.co/ecl-lab-se - Scientific computing engineer: http://3b1b.co/ecl-sci-comp Special thanks to the following Patrons: http://3b1b.co/epii-thanks There's a slight mistake at 13:33, where the angle should be arctan(1/2) = 26.565 degrees, not 30 degrees. Arg! If anyone asks, I was just...er...rounding to the nearest 10's. For those looking to read more into group theory, I'm a fan of Keith Conrads expository papers: http://www.math.uconn.edu/~kconrad/blurbs/ ------------------ 3blue1brown is a channel about animating math, in all senses of the word animate. And you know the drill with YouTube, if you want to stay posted about new videos, subscribe, and click the bell to receive notifications (if you're into that). If you are new to this channel and want to see more, a good place to start is this playlist: http://3b1b.co/recommended Various social media stuffs: Website: https://www.3blue1brown.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/3Blue1Brown Patreon: https://patreon.com/3blue1brown Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/3blue1brown Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/3Blue1Brown

9 months ago